Instagram下载按钮
给我买杯咖啡

Github , Greasy Fork , OpenUserJS

该存储库是用于 Greasemonkey/Tampermonkey 的 JavaScript。该脚本会为您的 Instagram 添加一个下载按钮和打开按钮,您可以一键下载或打开帖子、故事和亮点中的个人资料图片和媒体。

如果有任何问题,请随时用英文或中文与我联系,并附上您的运行时环境。

注意:此脚本仅在 Windows 10 1903 64 位上使用 Tampermonkey 在 Chrome、Edge 和 Firefox 上进行测试。

选项
可以通过修改该脚本头部的以下常量变量来配置该脚本。

attachLink : 布尔值,如果为真,则将链接附加到按钮元素中
postFilenameTemplate : 字符串,帖子中媒体下载的命名规则
storyFilenameTemplate : 字符串,故事中媒体下载的命名规则
命名模板
%id% : 海报ID
%datetime% : 媒体上传时间
%medianame% : 原始媒体文件名
%ext% : 媒体的文件扩展名
快捷键
Alt+ i:在新选项卡中打开媒体
Alt+ k: 下载媒体
Alt+ j: 多媒体帖子中的下一个媒体
Alt+ l: 多媒体帖子中的先前媒体
快捷键目前不适用于 Instagram 主页

// ==UserScript==
// @name                Instagram Download Button
// @name:zh-TW          Instagram 下載器
// @name:zh-CN          Instagram 下载器
// @name:ja             Instagram ダウンローダー
// @name:ko             Instagram 다운로더
// @name:es             Descargador de Instagram
// @name:fr             Téléchargeur Instagram
// @name:hi             इंस्टाग्राम डाउनलोडर
// @name:ru             Загрузчик Instagram
// @namespace           https://github.com/y252328/Instagram_Download_Button
// @version             1.9.5
// @compatible          chrome
// @compatible          firefox
// @compatible          edge
// @description         Add the download button and the open button to download or open profile picture and media in the posts, stories, and highlights in Instagram
// @description:zh-TW   在Instagram頁面加入下載按鈕與開啟按鈕,透過這些按鈕可以下載或開啟大頭貼與貼文、限時動態、Highlight中的照片或影片
// @description:zh-CN   在Instagram页面加入下载按钮与开启按钮,透过这些按钮可以下载或开启大头贴与贴文、限时动态、Highlight中的照片或影片
// @description:ja      メディアをダウンロードまたは開くためのボタンを追加します
// @description:ko      미디어를 다운로드하거나 여는 버튼을 추가합니다
// @description:es      Agregue botones para descargar o abrir medios
// @description:fr      Ajoutez des boutons pour télécharger ou ouvrir des médias
// @description:hi      मीडिया को डाउनलोड या खोलने के लिए बटन जोड़ें।
// @description:ru      Добавьте кнопки для загрузки или открытия медиа
// @author              ZhiYu
// @match               https://www.instagram.com/*
// @grant               none
// @license             MIT
// ==/UserScript==
 
(function () {
    'use strict';
    // =================
    // =    Options    =
    // =================
    const attachLink = true; // add link into the button elements
    const postFilenameTemplate = "%id%-%datetime%-%medianame%.%ext%";
    const storyFilenameTemplate = postFilenameTemplate;
 
    // ==================
 
    function yyyymmdd(date) {
        // ref: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3066586/get-string-in-yyyymmdd-format-from-js-date-object?page=1&tab=votes#tab-top
        var mm = date.getMonth() + 1; // getMonth() is zero-based
        var dd = date.getDate();
 
        return [date.getFullYear(),
        (mm > 9 ? '' : '0') + mm,
        (dd > 9 ? '' : '0') + dd
        ].join('');
    }
 
    var svgDownloadBtn =
        `<svg version="1.1" id="Capa_1" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" x="0px" y="0px" height="24" width="24"
     viewBox="0 0 477.867 477.867" style="fill:%color;" xml:space="preserve">
    <g>
        <path d="M443.733,307.2c-9.426,0-17.067,7.641-17.067,17.067v102.4c0,9.426-7.641,17.067-17.067,17.067H68.267
            c-9.426,0-17.067-7.641-17.067-17.067v-102.4c0-9.426-7.641-17.067-17.067-17.067s-17.067,7.641-17.067,17.067v102.4
            c0,28.277,22.923,51.2,51.2,51.2H409.6c28.277,0,51.2-22.923,51.2-51.2v-102.4C460.8,314.841,453.159,307.2,443.733,307.2z"/>
    </g>
    <g>
        <path d="M335.947,295.134c-6.614-6.387-17.099-6.387-23.712,0L256,351.334V17.067C256,7.641,248.359,0,238.933,0
            s-17.067,7.641-17.067,17.067v334.268l-56.201-56.201c-6.78-6.548-17.584-6.36-24.132,0.419c-6.388,6.614-6.388,17.099,0,23.713
            l85.333,85.333c6.657,6.673,17.463,6.687,24.136,0.031c0.01-0.01,0.02-0.02,0.031-0.031l85.333-85.333
            C342.915,312.486,342.727,301.682,335.947,295.134z"/>
    </g>
</svg>`;
 
    var svgNewtabBtn =
        `<svg id="Capa_1" style="fill:%color;" viewBox="0 0 482.239 482.239" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" height="24" width="24">
    <path d="m465.016 0h-344.456c-9.52 0-17.223 7.703-17.223 17.223v86.114h-86.114c-9.52 0-17.223 7.703-17.223 17.223v344.456c0 9.52 7.703 17.223 17.223 17.223h344.456c9.52 0 17.223-7.703 17.223-17.223v-86.114h86.114c9.52 0 17.223-7.703 17.223-17.223v-344.456c0-9.52-7.703-17.223-17.223-17.223zm-120.56 447.793h-310.01v-310.01h310.011v310.01zm103.337-103.337h-68.891v-223.896c0-9.52-7.703-17.223-17.223-17.223h-223.896v-68.891h310.011v310.01z"/>
</svg>`;
 
    document.addEventListener('keydown', keyDownHandler);
 
    function keyDownHandler(event) {
        if (window.location.href === 'https://www.instagram.com/') return;
 
        if (event.altKey && event.key === 'k') {
            let buttons = document.getElementsByClassName('download-btn');
            if (buttons.length > 0) {
                let mockEvent = { currentTarget: buttons[buttons.length - 1] };
                if (attachLink) onMouseInHandler(mockEvent);
                onClickHandler(mockEvent);
            }
        }
        if (event.altKey && event.key === 'i') {
            let buttons = document.getElementsByClassName('newtab-btn');
            if (buttons.length > 0) {
                let mockEvent = { currentTarget: buttons[buttons.length - 1] };
                if (attachLink) onMouseInHandler(mockEvent);
                onClickHandler(mockEvent);
            }
        }
 
        if (event.altKey && event.key === 'l') {
            // right arrow
            let buttons = document.getElementsByClassName('coreSpriteRightChevron');
            if (buttons.length > 0) {
                buttons[0].click();
            }
        }
 
        if (event.altKey && event.key === 'j') {
            // left arrow
            let buttons = document.getElementsByClassName('coreSpriteLeftChevron');
            if (buttons.length > 0) {
                buttons[0].click();
            }
        }
    }
 
    var checkExistTimer = setInterval(function () {
        let sharePostSelector = "article section span button";
        let storySeletor = "header button > div";
        let profileSelector = "header section svg circle";
 
        // check profile
        if (document.getElementsByClassName("custom-btn").length === 0) {
            if (document.querySelector(profileSelector)) {
                addCustomBtn(document.querySelector(profileSelector), "black", append2Header);
            }
        }
 
        // check story
        if (document.getElementsByClassName("custom-btn").length === 0) {
            if (document.querySelector(storySeletor)) {
                addCustomBtn(document.querySelector(storySeletor), "white", append2Post);
            }
        }
 
        // check post
        let articleList = document.querySelectorAll("article");
        for (let i = 0; i < articleList.length; i++) {
            if (articleList[i].querySelector(sharePostSelector) &&
                articleList[i].getElementsByClassName("custom-btn").length === 0) {
                addCustomBtn(articleList[i].querySelector(sharePostSelector), "black", append2Post);
            }
        }
    }, 500);
 
    function append2Header(node, btn) {
        node.parentNode.parentNode.parentNode.appendChild(btn, node.parentNode.parentNode);
    }
 
    function append2Post(node, btn) {
        node.parentNode.parentNode.appendChild(btn);
    }
 
    function addCustomBtn(node, iconColor, appendNode) {
        // add download button and set onclick handler
        // add newtab button
        let newtabBtn = createCustomBtn(svgNewtabBtn, iconColor, "newtab-btn", "16px");
        appendNode(node, newtabBtn);
 
        // add download button
        let downloadBtn = createCustomBtn(svgDownloadBtn, iconColor, "download-btn", "14px");
        appendNode(node, downloadBtn);
    }
 
    function createCustomBtn(svg, iconColor, className, marginLeft) {
        let newBtn = document.createElement("a");
        newBtn.innerHTML = svg.replace('%color', iconColor);
        newBtn.setAttribute("class", "custom-btn " + className);
        newBtn.setAttribute("target", "_blank");
        newBtn.setAttribute("style", "cursor: pointer;margin-left: " + marginLeft + ";margin-top: 8px;");
        newBtn.onclick = onClickHandler;
        if (attachLink) newBtn.onmouseenter = onMouseInHandler;
        if (className.includes("newtab")) {
            newBtn.setAttribute("title", "Open in new tab");
        } else {
            newBtn.setAttribute("title", "Download");
        }
        return newBtn;
    }
 
    function onClickHandler(e) {
        // handle button click
        let target = e.currentTarget;
        e.stopPropagation();
        e.preventDefault();
        if (window.location.pathname.includes('stories')) {
            storyOnClicked(target);
        } else if (document.querySelector('header') &&
            document.querySelector('header').contains(target)) {
            profileOnClicked(target);
        } else {
            postOnClicked(target);
        }
    }
 
    function onMouseInHandler(e) {
        let target = e.currentTarget;
        if (!attachLink) return;
        if (window.location.pathname.includes('stories')) {
            storyOnMouseIn(target);
        } else if (document.querySelector('header') &&
            document.querySelector('header').contains(target)) {
            profileOnMouseIn(target);
        } else {
            postOnMouseIn(target);
        }
    }
 
    function profileOnMouseIn(target) {
        let url = profileGetUrl(target);
        target.setAttribute("href", url);
    }
 
    function profileOnClicked(target) {
        // extract profile picture url and download or open it
        let url = profileGetUrl(target);
        let filename = '.png';
 
        if (url.length > 0) {
            // check url
            if (target.getAttribute("class").includes("download-btn")) {
                // generate filename
                let posterName = document.querySelector('header h2').textContent;
                filename = posterName + filename;
                downloadResource(url, filename);
            } else {
                // open url in new tab
                openResource(url);
            }
        }
    }
 
    function profileGetUrl(target) {
        let img = document.querySelector('header img');
        let url = img.getAttribute('src');
        return url;
    }
 
    async function postOnMouseIn(target) {
        let articleNode = postGetArticleNode(target);
        let url = await postGetUrl(target, articleNode);
        target.setAttribute("href", url);
    }
 
    async function postOnClicked(target) {
        // extract url from target post and download or open it
        let articleNode = postGetArticleNode(target);
        let url = await postGetUrl(target, articleNode);
 
        // ==============================
        // = download or open media url =
        // ==============================
        if (url.length > 0) {
            // check url
            if (target.getAttribute("class").includes("download-btn")) {
                let mediaName = url.split('?')[0].split('\\').pop().split('/').pop();
                let ext = mediaName.substr(mediaName.lastIndexOf('.') + 1);
                mediaName = mediaName.substring(0, mediaName.lastIndexOf('.') + 1);
                let datetime = new Date(articleNode.querySelector('time').getAttribute('datetime'));
                datetime = yyyymmdd(datetime) + '_' + datetime.toTimeString().split(' ')[0].replace(/:/g, '');
                let posterName = articleNode.querySelector('header a').getAttribute('href').replace(/\//g, '');
 
                let filename = filenameFormat(postFilenameTemplate, posterName, datetime, mediaName, ext);
                downloadResource(url, filename);
            } else {
                // open url in new tab
                openResource(url);
            }
        }
    }
 
    function postGetArticleNode(target) {
        let articleNode = target;
        while (articleNode && articleNode.tagName !== "ARTICLE") {
            articleNode = articleNode.parentNode;
        }
        return articleNode;
    }
 
    async function postGetUrl(target, articleNode) {
        // meta[property="og:video"]
        let list = articleNode.querySelectorAll('li[style][class]');
        let url = "";
        if (list.length === 0) {
            // single img or video
            if (articleNode.querySelector('article  div > video')) {
                let videoElem = articleNode.querySelector('article  div > video');
                url = videoElem.getAttribute('src');
                if (videoElem.hasAttribute('videoURL')) {
                    url = videoElem.getAttribute('videoURL');
                } else if (url === null || url.includes('blob')) {
                    url = await fetchVideoURL(articleNode, videoElem);
                }
            } else if (articleNode.querySelector('article  div[role] div > img')) {
                url = articleNode.querySelector('article  div[role] div > img').getAttribute('src');
            } else {
                console.log("Err: not find media at handle post single");
            }
        } else {
            // multiple imgs or videos
            let idx = 0;
            // check current index
            if (!articleNode.querySelector('.coreSpriteLeftChevron')) {
                idx = 0;
            } else if (!articleNode.querySelector('.coreSpriteRightChevron')) {
                idx = list.length - 1;
            } else idx = 1;
 
            let node = list[idx];
            if (node.querySelector('video')) {
                let videoElem = node.querySelector('video');
                url = videoElem.getAttribute('src');
                if (videoElem.hasAttribute('videoURL')) {
                    url = videoElem.getAttribute('videoURL');
                } else if (url === null || url.includes('blob')) {
                    url = await fetchVideoURL(articleNode, videoElem);
                }
            } else if (node.querySelector('img')) {
                url = node.querySelector('img').getAttribute('src');
            }
        }
        return url
    }
 
    async function fetchVideoURL(articleNode, videoElem) {
        let poster = videoElem.getAttribute('poster');
        let timeNodes = articleNode.querySelectorAll('time');
        let posterUrl = timeNodes[timeNodes.length - 1].parentNode.href;
        let posterPattern = /\/([^\/?]*)\?/;
        let posterMatch = poster.match(posterPattern);
        let postFileName = posterMatch[1];
        let pattern = new RegExp(`${postFileName}.*?video_url":("[^"]*")`, 's');
        let resp = await fetch(posterUrl);
        let content = await resp.text();
        let match = content.match(pattern);
        let videoUrl = JSON.parse(match[1]);
        videoUrl = videoUrl.replace(/^(?:https?:\/\/)?(?:[^@\/\n]+@)?(?:www\.)?([^:\/?\n]+)/g, 'https://scontent.cdninstagram.com');
        videoElem.setAttribute('videoURL', videoUrl)
        return videoUrl;
    }
 
    function storyOnMouseIn(target) {
        let sectionNode = storyGetSectionNode(target);
        let url = storyGetUrl(target, sectionNode);
        target.setAttribute('href', url);
    }
 
    function storyOnClicked(target) {
        // extract url from target story and download or open it
        let sectionNode = storyGetSectionNode(target);
        let url = storyGetUrl(target, sectionNode);
 
        // ==============================
        // = download or open media url =
        // ==============================
        if (target.getAttribute("class").includes("download-btn")) {
            let mediaName = url.split('?')[0].split('\\').pop().split('/').pop();
            let ext = mediaName.substr(mediaName.lastIndexOf('.') + 1);
            mediaName = mediaName.substring(0, mediaName.lastIndexOf('.') + 1);
            let datetime = new Date(sectionNode.querySelector('time').getAttribute('datetime'));
            datetime = yyyymmdd(datetime) + '_' + datetime.toTimeString().split(' ')[0].replace(/:/g, '');
            let posterName = sectionNode.querySelector('header a').getAttribute('href').replace(/\//g, '');
 
            let filename = filenameFormat(storyFilenameTemplate, posterName, datetime, mediaName, ext);
            downloadResource(url, filename);
        } else {
            // open url in new tab
            openResource(url);
        }
    }
 
    function storyGetSectionNode(target) {
        let sectionNode = target;
        while (sectionNode && sectionNode.tagName !== "SECTION") {
            sectionNode = sectionNode.parentNode;
        }
        return sectionNode;
    }
 
    function storyGetUrl(target, sectionNode) {
        let url = "";
        if (sectionNode.querySelector('video > source')) {
            url = sectionNode.querySelector('video > source').getAttribute('src');
        } else if (sectionNode.querySelector('img[decoding="sync"]')) {
            let img = sectionNode.querySelector('img[decoding="sync"]');
            url = img.srcset.split(/ \d+w/g)[0].trim(); // extract first src from srcset attr. of img
            if (url.length > 0) {
                return url;
            }
            url = sectionNode.querySelector('img[decoding="sync"]').getAttribute('src');
        }
        return url;
    }
 
    function filenameFormat(template, id, datetime, medianame, ext) {
        let filename = template;
        filename = filename.replaceAll("%id%", id);
        filename = filename.replaceAll("%datetime%", datetime);
        filename = filename.replaceAll("%medianame%", medianame);
        filename = filename.replaceAll("%ext%", ext);
        return filename;
    }
 
    function openResource(url) {
        // open url in new tab
        var a = document.createElement('a');
        a.href = url;
        a.setAttribute("target", "_blank");
        document.body.appendChild(a);
        a.click();
        a.remove();
    }
 
    function forceDownload(blob, filename) {
        // ref: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/49474775/chrome-65-blocks-cross-origin-a-download-client-side-workaround-to-force-down
        var a = document.createElement('a');
        a.download = filename;
        a.href = blob;
        // For Firefox https://stackoverflow.com/a/32226068
        document.body.appendChild(a);
        a.click();
        a.remove();
    }
 
    // Current blob size limit is around 500MB for browsers
    function downloadResource(url, filename) {
        // ref: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/49474775/chrome-65-blocks-cross-origin-a-download-client-side-workaround-to-force-down
        console.log(url);
        if (!filename) filename = url.split('\\').pop().split('/').pop();
        fetch(url, {
            headers: new Headers({
                'Origin': location.origin
            }),
            mode: 'cors'
        })
            .then(response => response.blob())
            .then(blob => {
                let blobUrl = window.URL.createObjectURL(blob);
                forceDownload(blobUrl, filename);
            })
            .catch(e => console.error(e));
    }
})();